What Is Meringue Powder? – What About Meringue Powder Substitutes?

Fitweightlogy Staff

Editor’s name : Fitweightlogy Staff | Uploaded On March 20, 2022

What is meringue powder

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Meringue powder is an essential component in preparing royal icing, used for decorating biscuits and coating doughnuts. A firm finish is achieved using royal icing, which, in contrast to cake or cupcake frosting, which is soft and produced with butter or shortening, dries to a hard finish with egg whites (fresh or powdered) confectioner’s sugar. Its consistency may vary depending on its intended application by changing the quantity of water used in the recipe.

What Is Meringue Powder?

Meringue Powder

Meringue powder is a dry convenience product used to prepare and decorate sweet baked goods. Royal icing, meringue cookies, and stabilizing frostings are all examples of recipes that include this ingredient.

Home bakers who have been in the business for a while keep a tiny canister of meringue powder in their cupboards as a fast substitution for egg whites. I use it for various culinary tasks, such as making light and crisp meringue delights or stirring up sugar cookie frosting to use as edible embellishments on cookies.

Thick for definite lines and softer patterns, medium for more subtle designs, and a thing that can cover an entire surface with a smooth shining finish or glaze. Meringue powder aids in the drying of royal icing swiftly and without breaking, as well as providing elasticity for simple piping.

The majority of this product is made up of pasteurised dried egg whites that have been crushed into a fine powder. It does, however, include other additions such as the following:

1. Cornstarch is used to aid in absorbing moisture during storage.

2. Sugar is used to provide sweetness.

3. Gum arabic is used to thicken the sauce.

4. Desiccant calcium sulphate protects the powder from drying out.

5. Silicon dioxide is used to aid in the flow of the powder.

6. Use citric acid and potassium tartrate to stabilise the egg froth (cream of tartar).

If raw, unpasteurized egg whites are not wanted in a recipe, meringue powder is recommended as a shelf-stable substitute for fresh egg whites. The powdered pasteurised egg whites also include additional components such as cornstarch and sugar to keep the mixture pourable and citric acid and cream of tartar to provide flavor to the combination (for stabilisation).

What Is It Used For?

If you’re using store-bought meringue powder, be sure to follow the packaging directions for incorporating it into recipes. Typically, you’ll combine the powder before adding it to the rest of the components in the recipe. In place of one egg white, two teaspoons of meringue powder mixed with two tablespoons of water may be used.

However, certain prepared dishes may taste much better if the egg whites come from fresh eggs. Because meringue powder includes just a tiny quantity of sugar, it will always impart a slight sweetness to the final product, making it ideal for use in desserts. If the meringue powder is not entirely dissolved in the water, it might result in a somewhat gritty consistency to your dish, which is not ideal when you’re looking for a puffy, pillowy pie topper.

However, if you thoroughly combine and whisk the mixture, you will not notice many variations among meringue powder and egg whites. In recipes that call for beaten egg whites that keep firm peaks, this powder may be used to do the task.

The best results are achieved using raw egg whites, although this is an acceptable substitute. The applications are royal icing, piped meringue biscuits, the garnish on lemon meringue pies, and pavlova. A tiny quantity of it also helps to stabilize frostings, allowing them to maintain their piped pattern and form without dripping.

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How Do I Use It?

Meringue Powder

One egg white may be used in its place.

To replace one egg white, do the following: 2 teaspoons of meringue powder and two tablespoons of water are combined to make a stiff meringue.

For Royal Icing

The following ingredients are needed for royal icing: 4 cups of powdered sugar, three teaspoons of meringue powder, and nine tablespoons of boiling water. Use the whisk attachment to whip the mixture at a medium-low speed until it reaches a glue-like consistency. Increase the speed to high and whip on medium-high for 1 to 2 minutes to form firm peaks for making a thicker frosting to assemble a gingerbread home.

For stabilizing frostings

To stabilize frostings, the quantities and methods of incorporation differ based on the frosting type. After mixing the butter and sugar, a tiny amount (approximately one tablespoon) of dry ingredients is added when making buttercream frosting. When making whipped cream, around one tablespoon may stabilize 1 cup; add this after the cream foam and mix well.


When creating meringue-based icing or frosting, use food coloring or colored gels to decorate the finished product. Piping bags, tips, and squeeze bottles should be used to develop detailed patterns.

How To Make Meringue Powder Frosting? 

When making frostings using whipped cream, you may add the meringue powder to help keep them from crumbling. Adding this ingredient to your icing can help avoid drooping, which is especially important for items left out at room temperature.

Here are a few delicious frosting recipes that make use of meringue powder:

1. Frosting with a Snow White Buttercream Glaze

2. Buttercream Frosting (Whipped Buttercream)

3. For Marshmallow Icing

4. For Cookie Icing

What Is The Composition Of Meringue Powder?

Meringue powder is cornstarch, egg whites, and sugar blend to refresh your memory. Most store-bought versions include a variety of additives such as gums, preservatives, and flavorings, but at its heart, meringue powder is just a powdered egg white.

Best Meringue Powder Substitutes

Best Meringue Powder Substitutes

Pasteurised egg whites are the best option since they may produce the most foam.

On the other hand, if you do not like to ingest a raw product, you should avoid doing so. Powdered egg whites may be used, but they must be rehydrated since they do not contain any sugar or stabilizer.

You may substitute Aqaba, the whipped liquid from boiling canned chickpeas, although the flavor was maybe a little more savory.


The use of powdered gelatin instead of meringue powder has shown to be successful for home bakers. Three tablespoons of warm water and one tablespoon of gelatin powder may be used in lieu of two teaspoons of meringue powder.


Our favourite replacement for meringue powder is really a high-tech pool cleaner with a name that says otherwise. Furthermore, it is entirely vegan! Aquafaba is the starchy liquid that goes with a can of chickpeas, and it is made from chickpeas.

“We believe aquafaba’s most amazing attribute is its capacity to whip into a firm, fluffy froth,” says America’s Test Kitchen. As a general guideline, for every tablespoon of meringue powder called for in a recipe, one and a half teaspoons of aquafaba should be substituted.

Vegan Meringue Powder

Vegetarian bakers like using Vör Vegan Meringue Powder as a dairy-free replacement for the original version of their favorite recipes. Sugar, aquafaba powder, cornstarch, and cream of tartar are all that is needed to make it. It may easily be substituted for meringue powder without anybody seeing a difference.

Egg White

Erin Jeanne McDowell, our Resident Baking BFF, doesn’t even use meringue powder in her preparation for Royal Icing, which is a first for us. To make this dish, you’ll just need around five egg whites and six cups of confectioners’ sugar. With all those egg yolks gathering dust, we’ve got some ideas on what to do with them!

Unlike many other recipes that call for egg whites, you do not need to whisk them to stiff peaks before using them. Replace the paddle attachment on your stand mixer with a whisk attachment and whisk together pasteurized egg whites and confectioners’ sugar in a large mixing bowl until the mixture ribbons off the whisk.

Egg White Powder

Dried egg whites are ground into a powder called egg white powder. The fact is, no matter what you name it, this is one of the most popular meringue powder replacements in our community.

Using powdered egg whites for royal icing (which asks for meringue powder) has worked out well for me. Sugar is included in the meringue powder. Because royal icing is made with powdered sugar, it’s OK,” stated community member Lynn. You may use this powder in place of egg whites if you dilute it with water beforehand before baking.

Where To Buy It?

Small packages of meringue powder are available at many big supermarket shops and craft stores. With a shelf life of around two years, they are reasonably priced. They are often offered in 4 ounces or larger quantities. Of course, you can get them online; I like the Wilton brand. 

Royal Icing With Meringue Powder

There are various methods for making royal icing, but my preference is to use meringue powder. In classic royal icing recipes, raw egg whites are replaced with meringue powder to make the frosting. These methods produce icing that is very robust and stable and sets rapidly on top of cookies.

When combined with raw fresh eggs, meringue powder may replace the requirement for raw fresh eggs while maintaining the same thickness. Meringue powder may be found in certain baking aisles, most craft shops that include a baking area, and the internet. 

Confectioners’ sugar, meringue powder, and water are all that is needed to make this royal icing. The most challenging element in achieving the ideal consistency is a video to assist you with this process. There are times when I need more water and others when I require less water. However, the nice thing about icing is that you can adjust the consistency by adding more water or more confectioners’ sugar until you get the desired result. It’s just fantastic.

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Using Meringue Powder, Learn To Make Royal Icing

Meringue Powder - Royal Icing

The use of meringue powder in royal icing is perhaps the most well-known use. This frosting is excellent for piping blossoms, outlining and splashing designs, and decorating cookies, among other things. Royal icing may also be poured or piped, and it dries firm, making it easier to pack and store once it has dried.

To make royal icing, combine meringue powder, water, and sugar in a mixing bowl and whisk until firm peaks form. Royal icing may be used to outline cookies or pipe flowers when it has a firm consistency. The royal icing will become thinner when additional water is added, making it easier to flood cookies or pour over desserts after baking.

The Consistency Of Royal Icing

After combining the three icing ingredients, pull the whisk attachment from the mixer. Within 5-10 seconds, you should have a perfectly smooth icing trickle back into the dish of icing, indicating that everything went well. To thin it out, add additional water if it’s too thick. You may either continue to beat it or add additional confectioners’ sugar if it’s too thin and watery at this point.

Yes, You Can Freeze Royal Icing, But Is It Safe?

Royal icing may be kept in the freezer.

Many royal icing preparations, including yours, make a lot of frosting, so plan accordingly. For up to two months, leftover royal icing may be stored in the refrigerator. Place any remaining royal icing in freezer bags with a tight-fitting lid. If you have more than one colour, it’s best if each one has its bag.

Before you close the bag, compress it as hard as possible to get rid of any remaining air. Freeze on a level shelf surface in your freezer to prevent freezer burn. Thaw overnight in the freezer and bring to ambient temperature before reusing the frozen food item.

Up to three months’ worth of sugar cookies topped with royal icing may be stored in the freezer. Let it again before putting it in a freezer-safe container. If possible, prevent freezer burn by defrosting in a refrigerator or at room temperature.

Recipes To Try

1. Royal icing is used to decorate pastries and gingerbread homes.

2. Creating a meringue garnish for pies is simple.

3. Whipping cream that has been stabilized

4. Meringue cookies and pavlova

Meringue Powder Has A Shelf Life.

Using meringue powder has the additional benefit of two-year shelf life (much longer than fresh eggs). The bottom of your cupboard or a cabinet is suitable for storing it. A package of meringue powder is a beautiful idea to have on hand, particularly if you’re a regular baker. There is a good chance you’ll find yourselves reaching for it rather often.


Please Be Aware: Statements in this article is certainly not meant to address, cure, treat or even identify any disease or either been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Instead, it is only for informational reasons that it is composed.

Please, you should see your doctor or a certified medical practitioner for those who have any health problem in any respect before taking any supplement you find here or elsewhere.

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